Everything You Need To Know About Tire Repair
11 Quick & Easy Steps on How to Repair Your Tire Along with a Few Valuable Tips
You’re in your car listening to the radio as you’re driving on the road. Suddenly, you hear a pop and you can tell the alignment of the car of completely off, so you pull to the side of the road and get out of your car to find that one of your tires are flat. Does this scenario sound somewhat familiar to you? Sooner or later, it’s bound to happen to almost everyone. The question is “Are you prepared and do you know what to do if you get a flat tire?”
Tires can easily be replaced in just 11 easy steps. First…
The Supplies You’ll Need
- Lug wrench
- Spare tire
Optional Items to Keep in Your Trunk to Make Changing Your Tire A Little Bit Easier (The Just In Case Items)
- Flashlight (with extra batteries)
- Tarp or mat to kneel on
- Plastic rain poncho
- Tire spray foam
- Tire gauge
- Tire blocks
How to Replace Your Flat Tire
- Find a safe place and pull over. Pull over to the side of the road or in an empty parking lot if possible. If you’re on the parkway try taking the next exit and find the safest spot possible with the least traffic. Otherwise, pull as far onto the shoulder as possible. Also, choose the flattest spot you can find because you want your car to be as stable and grounded as possible. If you have a manual transmission, leave your car in gear and make sure you don’t forget to set your parking brake!
- Turn on the hazard lights.
- Grab the three most important things. Get the jack, wrench, and spare tire from the trunk of the car and bring them over to the tire that is flat. Grab any of the optional tools if you think you’ll need them.
- Use the wrench to loosen the lug nuts. You may need to remove the hubcap. Don’t remove the lug nuts at this point; simply loosen them by turning the wrench to the left (counter-clockwise). If the lug nuts are really tight, try placing the wrench on the nut and standing on the wrench arm to use your full weight on it.
- Use the jack to lift the car off the ground. Some cars have different places to put the jack depending on the make or model of the car. If you’re not sure check the owner’s manual. Once you have the jack set up correctly then jack up the car until the tire is about 6 inches off the ground.
- Remove the lug nuts and take the tire off the car. Place all the lug nuts in one spot so you don’t lose them, and pull the tire straight toward yourself to remove it from the wheel base.
- Put the spare on the car. Line up the lug nut posts with the holes in the spare, and push the spare all the way onto the wheel base until it is secure and can’t go any farther.
- Time to put the lug nuts back on the tire. Don’t put them on too tight, just tight enough for the spare to stay on the car for a minute.
- Lower the car back to the ground. Use the jack to bring the car back down to ground. Remove the jack from underneath the car.
- Make sure the lug nuts are tightened. With the car back on the ground, you can now tighten the lug nuts. Instead of tightening them one by one in order, tighten the first lug nut about 50%, then move to the opposite nut (across the circle) and tighten that one about the same amount. Keep tightening the opposite lug nuts slowly until each lug nut is as tight as it can be.
- Put your flat tire and tools back in your trunk and YOU’RE DONE!
Tips to Keep in Mind:
- Once in a while, a tire isn’t completely destroyed when it goes flat. If the flat is caused by a nail or other sharp object, and you can’t or don’t want to change your tire on the side of the road, you may be able to fix it temporarily by using a fix-a-flat type spray.
- Simply follow the manufacturer’s directions. In ideal situations, the spray foam will allow you to at least find a service station or a rest stop before you have to change your tire.
- Sometimes changing a flat tire may not be as easy as it seems. Problems with your car’s flat tire can range from a small puncture, to something serious like a slipped radial belt. If your car isn’t driving properly after you attempted to change the tire you may want to consider calling a reliable service center to help you fix your car before matters get worse.
How to Repair Brake Pads
7 Quick & Easy Steps on How to Repair Brake Pads
Keeping your brakes in mint condition is serious business and it should always be top on your priority list. If you have the time to drive it then you definitely can make time to maintain its proper function.
In an emergency, stopping quickly can mean life or death. You need high functioning brakes so you are able to ensure the safety of you and your passengers who are in the car. If your brakes are making a squealing sound, that may be a sign that you need new brake pads.
Brake pads are easy to change and they can be done in the comforts of your driveway or garage.
Brake Pads can easily be replaced in just 7 easy steps. First…
The Supplies You’ll Need
- Lug Wrench
- Open End Or Adjustable Wrench (Depending On Your Car)
- Allen Wrenches (Depending On Your Car)
How to Replace Your Brake Pads
- One side at a time. Do your brake pad replacement one side at a time.
- Remove the lug nuts on the wheel. Once you removed the lug nuts, then lift one side with the jack, place the jack stand for safety.
- Remove the wheel. You can’t replace brake pads with the wheel on so remove the tire and wheel to expose the disc (rotor) and brake caliper.
- Check out all the brake parts. Check the caliper, brake lines, and pads for wear, leakage, and other problems. If the pads need replacing, then remove the caliper. Most calipers are held in place with two or three bolts that go through the top of the caliper. Be sure you are not loosening brake lines or other essentials when loosening the caliper. Some will require the bolts to be completely removed while others will only require loosening.
- Pull the caliper gently away from the rotor. The pads will be loosely ensconced inside and are easily removed by hand. Using a large C-clamp, slowly compress the pressure plate (it usually looks like a pipe coming out of the center of the caliper on the brake-line side). Make sure you’re compressing it slowly and at center so you do not cause damage to the interior rubber. When fully compressed, remove the clamp.
- Replace the pads and the clips. Before putting the caliper back on, inspect the rotor for wear, warps, or cracks. If there are any present, you may need to have the rotor turned or replaced. It will slide off when the tire is removed, so you can remove it now and take it to a professional for repair.
- Replace the caliper and spin the rotor. Using your hand or a helper, have them push the pedal (without getting into the car, for safety reasons) and watch as the caliper compresses. Look for leaks. If none are present, replace the wheel and tire, lower the vehicle, and tighten the nuts. With the keyswitch “on” (but the engine not running), compress the brake pedal a few times to test for softness. The first pump or two will be soft as the piston finds its new starting point on the back of the pad. Put your wheel back on, being sure to tighten all of the lug bolts. Double-check your lug bolts just to be sure they’re all on tightly and YOU’RE DONE!
Tips to Keep in Mind:
- Jack stands are critical safety items for those who need to work underneath vehicles. Putting up a vehicle on jack stands correctly can be the difference between a successful maintenance/repair and a tragic accident.
- Before you pull out the old brake pads, take a second to observe how everything is in installed. If there are little metal clips around the brake pads, note how they are in there so you can get it right when you put things back together. Better yet, take a digital picture of the whole assembly.
Always remember, any service having to do with maintaining proper brake function is important. Ignoring small brake repairs can quickly lead to more serious and more expensive problems, so always stay on top of things.
Surprisingly, oil changes are one of the most important and inexpensive vehicle maintenance services around. Oil plays a crucial role in keeping your car or truck running smoothly, and if you’re looking to keeping it in tip top shape then you may want to consider spending a little money on routine oil changes because oil changes can help prevent you from spending a lot of money down the road. And no one wants to spend a lot of money if they don’t have to spend it.
An oil change can easily be done in just 15 easy steps. First…
The Supplies You’ll Need
- Car jack
- Car jack stands (play it safe)
- Wrench to remove drain plug (box end or socket)
- Oil filter wrench
- Latex gloves
- Old towel/blanket to catch any oil that leaks or spills
- Sturdy oil drain pan (must be heat safe, preferably with spout)
- Oil filter
- Paper Towels
How to Change Your Oil
- Find the drain plug located underneath your car. The drain plug is a large nut or plug located under the oil pan at the bottom of the engine. If you can’t reach your oil drain plug easily, you’ll have to either crawl under your car to reach it or jack the car up.
- Put a medium size container under the oil drain plug. Do this so you catch the oil.
- Unscrew the oil drain plug. Use a rag or paper towels to protect your hands, and be ready to move your hand out of the way quickly. The oil will drain out of your engine into the container.
- Remove the cap from the oil filler hole at the top of your engine and unscrew the oil filter. To unscrew the filter, twist it counterclockwise. If you’re unable to do it by hand then try using a wrench. The filter has oil in it, so be careful not to spill it when you remove it. If any fragments of the filter’s rubber seal get on your engine make sure to remove them as soon as possible.
- Empty the oil from the filter into a drain pan.
- Open a new bottle of oil and put the tip of your finger into oil. Use the oil to moisten the gasket on the top of the new oil filter.
- Replace the old filter with the new one. Follow directions on the filter, or turn it gently by hand until it “settles” and then turn it another three-quarters.
- Wipe around the oil drain plug. Do this only after all the oil has drained out.